3 edition of Fertility and birth rates among captive nonhuman primates found in the catalog.
Fertility and birth rates among captive nonhuman primates
1983 by Primate Information Center, Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washington in Seattle, Wash .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||22 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||22|
resemblances between human and nonhuman species are assessed by visual inspection of growth curves, bivariate allometric analysis, and by multivariate cluster analyses. MATERIALS AND METHODS Materials Body weight measures (in kilograms) for captive primates representing thirty-four species were analyzed for this study (Table 1). Quite difficult is the situation among our next living relatives, the nonhuman primates, because only few studies on reproductive ageing patterns among wild living as well as captive primates exist. Some studies suggest that with increasing age a period of reproductive instability is Author: Sylvia Kirchengast. Causes of infertility in women at reproductive age Human fertility, compared with other species of animal kingdom, is unfortunately low. According to recent studies by the World countries, where rates range from % to %, as well as in less developed countries,Cited by:
Eating In Paradise
A critique of the industrialists plan
Ground water management in the southeastern United States
Brownfields Revitalization and Environmental Restoration Act of 2001
Actress and clerk
The European nobilities in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries
American undergraduate, off-campus and overseas
Environmental Geology and Guide to the Blue Planet
Handbook for conscientious objectors
Networking in libraries
In contrast to mortality, in four species of nonhuman primates (gorillas, chimpanzees, muriquis, and capuchins) we were unable to estimate model parameters for fertility Fertility and birth rates among captive nonhuman primates book specifically, fertility completion occurred before death in only a very few individuals (Fig.
1 and Table 2).That is, only a small handful of females survived to Fertility and birth rates among captive nonhuman primates book x* + c without either experiencing another Cited by: Nutritional status is one of the most influential factors affecting female fertility and reproduction in mammals, including both humans and nonhuman primates (Sadleir ;Gilmore and Cook Peak fertility rates of chimpanzees were similar to the!Kung population, who have reduced fertility due to high incidence of secondary sterility, while Ache birth rates reached a markedly higher maximum.
The slope of the age-related decline in chimpanzee fertility after age 25 was not significantly different from the hunter-gatherer Cited by: Dominance and fertility among female primates. We also found that birth rates were significantly higher but infant survivorship (to 1‐year‐old) was significantly lower in the smaller group.
- Permanent bonding is not common among nonhuman primates. - The temporary relationship between male and female savanna baboons for mating purposes is called a consortship. - Male and female Bonobos may mate even when the female is not in estrus, a behavior that is not typical of chimpanzees.
The life table has a long history as a means of summarizing census and birth data to describe how survival and fertility vary with age, and of using Cited by: Behavioral Abnormalities in Captive Nonhuman Primates Avanti Mallapur and B.
Choudhury Wildlife Institute of India Dehradun, India In this study, we dealt with. primates: stand, crouch and normally the mother is alone. baby is born facing the mother and actually helps with its own delivery humans: are normally born with others there, the position is being altered but historically has been laying down with stirrups to assist doctors.
baby is born facing away from the mother and there are two births ones for head and one for shoulders. There are few reports Fertility and birth rates among captive nonhuman primates book menopause in New World primates compared to Old World monkeys, but studies of the latter have observed declines in sexual activity and decreased birth rates.
Also, reports on captive apes suggest a long post-reproductive life span, though this has not been confirmed in. Although menopause is a phenomenon predominantly studied in humans or laboratory animals, this chapter discussed the case of nonhuman primates (NHPs), not only with the objective of employing them as study models but also to better understand phylogenetic divergence among species.
Those taxonomic differences are reflected in reproductive processes that may be similar to those of human beings Author: María de Jesús Rovirosa-Hernández, Marisela Hernández González, Miguel Ángel Guevara-Pérez, Francisc. We see Fertility and birth rates among captive nonhuman primates book main ways in which knowledge about the determinants of fertility in nonhuman primates is useful to an understanding of human fertility.
First, we believe that it makes a difference to the perspective with which the human data are viewed if it is known that similar effects are, or are not, found in other primate by: This chapter discusses reproductive control of primates in light of two main reasons that human beings are granted reproductive rights: the importance of autonomy and human interest in procreation.
I argue that captive primates pose a challenge to the use of birth control in captivity, because they too have important interests in reproductive Cited by: 1. Chap Reproduction and Breeding of Nonhuman Primates (American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine Book 1) - Kindle edition by Abee, Christian.
Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Use Fertility and birth rates among captive nonhuman primates book like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Chap Reproduction and Breeding of Nonhuman Primates (American College of Laboratory Animal Author: Christian Abee.
The reasons for variation in growth rates of captive primates among centers have not been identified, but differences between colonies in genetic background, maternal nutrition during pregnancy and lactation, early availability of supplemental or weaning foods, and different rearing practices have been suggested.
ductive success (including reproductive behavior, fertility, prenatal adequacy, birth, and parental care) is often considered to be a good indicator of psychological well-being, but not all captive primates are of breeding age (they might be too young or too old), and some might be deliberately maintained in nonbreeding situations; furthermore, some types of reproductive failure (e.g.
After exploring kinship and gender among nonhuman primates, we will consider some speculations on the evolution of kinship, and the implications for gender, in our own species. Primates are a natural grouping (an order) of mammals that includes prosimians (i.e., tree-dwelling animals such as lemurs and tarsiers), monkeys, apes, and humans.
Primate - Primate - Reproductive system: The functions of the individual organs of reproductive systems are fairly uniform throughout the primates, but, in spite of this physiological homology, there is a remarkable degree of variation in minor detail of organs between groups—particularly in the external genitalia, which, by their variation, provide a morphological basis for the reproductive.
Chapter 7 Reproduction: The Sexual Primate. Which is the most accurate statement regarding sexual behavior among chimpanzees. To promote a greater birth rate than in any of our nonhuman primate relatives. To facilitate more sexual interest in members of the opposite sex.
Disparate rates of evolution among the lemur group, tarsiers, and an- thropoids (discussed in Martin ) may also be confounding such analyses.
LEMURS AND LORISES Molecular phylogenetic analyses of strepsirrhines have resolved several major issues while. Kohler et al.: Comparative mortality levels among selected species of captive animals animals based upon age-characteristic behavior and morphology.
When an animal with an uncertain birthdate enters a zoo, its birthdate will often be recorded as January 1. Table 2 shows the proportion of animals in each group with a stated birthdate of January by: Twin pregnancies are extremely rare in macaques, with an overall twin live birth incidence around %.
The low fertility rates and high abortion rates (%) in this species limit the detection of infrequent risks. Nevertheless, its size, ease of housing, and extensive panel of Cited by: 2. parental behavior of nonhuman primates (hereafter primates), particularly of those phylogenetically closest to us, i.e.
Old World monkeys and apes, is more sensitive to experiential, cognitive, and social processes than the parental behavior of other mammals [78, 79]. In fact, despite obvious differences in the way parents care for. Since fertility and fertility rates in the human are generally measured in terms of the number of females having children, data on exactly what proportion of human males suffers from infertility are not readily available from national by: Study Chapter 07 – Primate Behavior flashcards from Jean-Marie S.
on StudyBlue. Study Chapter 07 – Primate Behavior flashcards from Jean-Marie S. on StudyBlue. people should avoid eye contact with captive primates ().
Among nonhuman primates. A mutation that increases fertility among the predators should quickly spread in such a population. probably isn't true if there are tradeoffs involved.
It also wouldn't be true if the increased death rates due to overpopulation, were concentrated more heavily on the over-breeders and their descendants than on the rest of the population.
cally, fertility completion occurred before death in only a very few individuals (Fig. 1 and Table 2). That is, only a small handful of females survived to age x* + c without either experiencing another birth or dying. For the other three nonhuman primate Table 1. Mortality and fertility parameters for nonhuman primates and humans Species.
Birth Rate, Death Rate, Infant Mortality Rate & Total Fertility Rate: India & States, National Commission on Population - India - 67 pages 0 Reviews. Humans have the largest number of eccrine sweat glands among species.
The dental formula of humans is: Humans have proportionately shorter palates and much smaller teeth than other primates. They are the only primates to have short, relatively flush canine teeth.
Humans have characteristically crowded teeth, with gaps from lost Class: Mammalia. Viral diseases of neonatal and infant nonhuman primates, by R. Hunt. Acute myocarditis in golden monkeys, by C.
Rearing and intensive care of neonatal and infant nonhuman primates, by J. Anderson. Prenatal and neonatal pathology of captive nonhuman primates, by N. Depends on the animal. In some cases I'd say (pre-medicine) humans actually have it worse: our babies have freakishly large heads, which have made childbirth difficult for human females whose pelvic width has not increased at the same rate, if at.
As well as providing human females with control over their fertility, various types of HCs that are identical or similar to brands used in humans have also been administered to captive nonhuman primates with success, with subdermal melengestrol acetate implants the most common form of HC used in zoo primates (Porton and DeMatteo, ).
In such Cited by: A primate (/ ˈ p r aɪ m eɪ t / PRY-mayt) (from Latin primat- from primus: "prime, first rank") is a eutherian mammal constituting the taxonomic order es arose 85–55 million years ago first from small terrestrial mammals, which adapted to living in the trees of tropical forests: many primate characteristics represent adaptations to life in this challenging environment Class: Mammalia.
Nutrition, fertility and maternal investment in primates. Phyllis C. Lee. Sub‐department of Animal Behaviour, University of Cambridge, High St., Madingley, Cambridge CB3 8AA and Institute of Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya studies of mother‐offspring relationships among non‐human primates have tended to Cited by: The endocrinology associated with reproduction is conserved among humans and non-human primate species because of our shared common evolutionary ancestry.
Non-human primate species exhibit various. Explanation. The "baby boom" generation began inthe year after the end of the Second World War, and lasted until This generation is primarily unique to the United States, although other Western countries experienced a similar spike in birth rate and lowering of the death rate.
Life history context of reproductive aging in a wild primate model aging, including birth rates and reproductive hormones for both sexes, and compare reproductive aging to age-related changes in several other traits. Reproductive senescence occurs later in baboon females than males. ural societies of nonhuman primates, such as those.
Drea specializes in communication among ring-tailed lemurs, 2-foot tall primates that live in large colonies, with complex social behaviors heavily mediated by gave injections of.
Primates as a group exhibit high reproductive costs, departing in numerous ways from expectations derived from other mammals. Yet, there is also substantial life-history variation within primates that affects the costs of producing offspring and how these costs are distributed over time.
Whereas general phylogenetic and allometric trends are well established, issues regarding the mechanisms Cited by: Maternal Immune Activation in Nonhuman Primates Alters Social Attention in Juvenile Offspring Christopher J. Machado, Alexander M.
Whitaker, Stephen E.P. Smith, Paul H. Patterson, and Melissa D. Bauman ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Sickness during pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of offspring neurodevelopmental disorders.
Chapter 13 c Hormones and Reproductive Cycles in Primates Wendy Saltzman,* Suzette D. Tardify and Julienne N.
Rutherford** *University of California, Riverside, CA, USA, yUniversity of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USA, **University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA p SUMMARY p Primates are characterized by long lifespans, slow reproductiveFile Size: 2MB.
In particular, I explore whether pdf primates have a right not to have their reproduction interfered with. I am not aiming to provide a comprehensive analysis of reproductive rights for captive primates. Rather, I focus on whether captive primates have a moral right not to .RESEARCH ARTICLE Male Chimpanzees’ Grooming Rates Vary by Female Age, Parity, and Fertility Status DARBY P.
Download pdf, SUSAN P. LAMBETH 2, STEVEN J. SCHAPIRO, AND SARAH F. BROSNAN1–3 1Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia 2Michale E.
Keeling Center for Comparative Medicine and Research of the University of Texas.Laboratory Primate Newsletter. VOLUME 50 NUMBER 4 OCTOBER Printable (PDF) Version ebook this issue.
CONTENTS. Articles and Notes. Ebook Pancreatic Necrosis in a Diabetic Long-Tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), by I. Völker & R. PleskerDeath During Parturition of a Captive Adult Female Vervet Monkey (Chlorocebus aethiops) and its Social Consequences for a Captive Troop, by .